The Techniques of Sumo

In sumo, there are 82 kimarite, or match winning techniques and 5 non-techniques or way to lose, all defined by Japan Sumo Association. You can learn the most frequently used techniques with videos.


基本技 Basics

Abisetaoshi / Backward force down

Yoritaoshi / Frontal crush out

Yorikiri / Frontal force out

Oshitaoshi / Frontal push down

Oshidashi / Frontal push out

Tsukitaoshi / Frontal thrust down

Tsukidashi / Frontal thrust out

掛け手 Leg Trips

Nimai-geri / Ankle kicking twist down

Suso-harai / Rear foot sweep

Susotori / Toe pick

Ashitori / Leg pick

Watashikomi / Thigh grabbing push down

Sotokomata / Over thigh scooping body drop

Omata / Thigh scooping body drop

Mitokorozeme / Triple attack force out

Kozumatori / Ankle pick

Tsumatori / Rear ankle pick

Kawazugake / Hooking backward counter-throw

Chongake / Pulling heel hook

Kekaeshi / Minor inner foot sweep

Komatasukui / Over thigh scooping body drop

Ketaguri / Pulling inside ankle sweep

Kirikaeshi / Twisting backward knee trip

Sotogake / Outside leg trip

Uchigake / Inside leg trip

特殊技 Specials

Yobimodoshi / Pulling body slam

Ushiro-motare / Backward lean out

Waridashi / Upper arm force out

Kimetaoshi / Arm barring force down

Kimedashi / Arm barring force out

Okurigake / Rear leg trip

Utchari / Backward pivot throw

Okuri-nage / Rear throw down

Okuri-taoshi / Rear push down

Okuri-hikiotoshi / Rear pull down

Sokubiotoshi / Head chop down

Hikkake / Arm grabbing force out

Okuridashi / Rear push out

Tsuridashi / Frontal lift out

Okuri-tsuridashi / Rear lift out

Tsuriotoshi / Frontal lifting body slam

Okuri-tsuriotoshi / Rear lifting body slam

Hatakikomi / Slap down

Hikiotoshi / Hand pull down

投げ手 Throws

Tsukaminage / Lifting throw

Yaguranage / Inner thigh throw

Koshinage / Hip throw

Ipponzeoi / One-armed shoulder throw

Kakenage / Hooking inner thigh throw

Nichonage / Body drop throw

Kubinage / Head lock throw

Shitatedashinage / Pulling underarm throw

Uwatedashinage / Pulling over armthrow

Sukuinage / Beltless armthrow

Kotenage / Arm lock throw

Shitatenage / Underarm throw

Uwatenage / Over arm throw

捻り手 Twists

Gassho-hineri / Clasped hand twist down

Zubuneri / Head pivot throw

Kubi-hineri / Head twisting throw

Kaina-hineri / 2 handed arm twist down

Osakate / Backward twisting over arm throw

Saba-ori / Forward force down

Harimanage / Backwards belt throw

Amiuchi / The fishermans throw

Makiotoshi / Twist down

Kotehineri / Arm locking twist down

Tokkuri-nage / 2-handed head twist down

Shitatehineri / Twisting underarm throw

Uwatehineri / Twisting over arm throw

Uchimusou / Inner thigh propping twist down

Sotomusou / Outer thigh propping twist down

Sakatottari / Arm bar throw counter

Tottari / Arm bar throw

Katasukashi / Under shoulder swing down

Tsukiotoshi / Thrust down

反り手 Backwards body drop

Tsutae-zori / Under arm forward body drop

Soto-tasukizori / Outer reverse backwards body drop

Tasuki-zori / Reverse backwards body drop

Kake-zori / Hooking backwards body drop

Shumoku-zori / Bell hammer backwards body drop

Izori / Backwards body drop

非技 Non Techniques

Tsukihiza / Knee touch down

Tsukite / Hand touch down

Fumidashi / Rear step out

Koshikudake / Inadvertent collapse

Isamiashi / Forward step out