Japan-easy#24Special Review
for Season 1

Review

1. Noun plus “desu.”/Adjective plus “desu.”

The phrases that our good friend Detective Michael uses in the video are all ones that we've learned. Today, we have a story about Detective Michael, and it will have a lot of expressions we learned.

First, we have the noun plus “desu” expression, which we're quite familiar with by now. Let's check out the question form and negative form as well.

Michael: Sore wa shōyu rāmen desuka?
Man: Īe. Shōyu rāmen ja arimasen. Gekikara rāmen desu.

Michael uses “desu” to ask what kind of rāmen the person’s eating. In response to Michael's question, the regular here will use the negative form and answer.

Next up, let's look at the combination of “desu” with adjectives.

Michael: Oishii desuka?
Man: Totemo oishii desu.

When asking if it's tasty, take the adjective “oishii,” and add “desu” and “ka.” It's the same as with nouns. In rsponse, the man said “oishii desu,” the positive response.

2. Ano/Kono/Asoko

Next, let’s review the words “ano,” “kono,” and “asoko” used to describe position. Michael will grant his wife's wish and choose a present for her.

Michael: “Ano baggu misetekudasai.”
Shop assistant: “Kono baggu to pōchi de yoroshiidesuka?”
Shop assistant: “Pāru no nekkuresu wa asoko ni arimasu.”

Did you get how to express an item's position and talk about something you want?

“Ano” is used to point to something a little ways away from both the speaker and the listener. “Kono” is used to refer to an item that is close to the speaker. Since the pearl necklace was far from both people, the shop staff said “asoko.”

3. Noboritai desu./Ikimasenka?

Now, let's review how to express a desire and invite someone. Michael and his wife are trying to decide where to go on their date. In the scene, Michael was expressing a desire and inviting his wife.

Michael: “Boku wa Tokyō Tawā ni noboritai desu.”
Michael: “Tokyō Tawā kara yakei o mitai desu.”
Michael: “Tokyō Tawā ni ikimasenka?”

First, let's go over the expression for his desire. Take off “masu” from the verb, and add “taidesu.”
Now, let's look at the expression for inviting someone. Michael made “ikimasu” into the negative form: “ikimasen.” He then added “ka” to that and made it into the question form.

4. Phrase-easy!

You will learn useful Japanese phrases and real-life experiences relating to those phrases.

On the menu today, we have the phrase “okagesamade.”

Tea Break

Imoyōkan

Imoyōkan

This is a Japanese snack made from sweet potato.
The most common recipe is to steam sweet potato, mix in sugar while still hot, put in a rectangular mold, then cool. Other recipes include boiling the sweet potato, or adding a small amount of salt or agar.
Around 1900, a potato seller was troubled over what to do about the scrap potatoes he had, so he asked a confectioner for advice, and the two came to develop the imoyōkan.
The imoyōkan is not overly sweet and makes full use of the simple and natural flavor of sweet potato. Its great texture and taste are loved by people of all ages.

Exercises
on the Net #24

Question 1

Instruction: Change the following Japanese sentences, based on the instructions in the blanks after 1a - 2c.

あれarewaマイケルmaikeruさんsannoギターgitāですdesu

(are wa maikeru san no gitā desu)

That is Michael's guitar.

1a

(to the negative sentence)

Answer

あれarewaマイケルmaikeruさんsannoギターgitāじゃjaありませんarimasen

(are wa maikeru san no gitā ja arimasen)

1b

(to the negative sentence)

Answer

あれarewaマイケルmaikeruさんsannoギターgitāですかdesuka

(are wa maikeru san no gitā desu ka)

1c

(to the question sentence, adding "or Tom's guitar?")

Answer

あれarewaマイケルmaikeruさんsannoギターgitāですかdesukaそれともsoretomoトムtomuさんsannoギターgitāですかdesuka

(are wa maikeru san no gitā desu ka soretomo tomu san no gitā desu ka)

1d

(to the past)

Answer

あれarewaマイケルmaikeruさんsannoギターgitāでしたdeshita

(are wa maikeru san no gitā deshita)

日本nihonnoラーメンrāmenwaおいしいoishīですdesu

(nihon no rāmen wa oishī desu)

Japanese ramen is delicious.

2a

(to the negative sentence)

Answer

日本nihonnoラーメンrāmenwaおいしくないoishikunaiですdesu

(nihon no rāmen wa oishikunai desu)

2b

(to the question sentence)

Answer

日本nihonnoラーメンrāmenwaおいしいoishīですかdesuka

(nihon no rāmen wa oishī desu ka)

2b1

(yes to 2b)

Answer

はいhaiおいしいoishīですdesu

(hai oishī desu)

Yes, it is delicious.

2b2

(no to 2b)

Answer

いいえīeおいしくないoishikunaiですdesu

(īe oishikunai desu)

No, it is not delicious.

2c

(to the past)

Answer

日本nihonnoラーメンrāmenwaおいしかったoishikattaですdesu

(nihon no rāmen wa oishikatta desu)

Question 2

Instruction: Looking at the picture, answer the following questions.

1

テーブルtēburunoうえueniバナナbananagaありますarimasuka

(tēburu no ue ni banana ga arimasu ka)

English

Is there a banana on the table?

Answer

はいhaiありますarimasu

(hai arimasu)

Yes, there is.

2

テーブルtēburunoしたshitaniねこnekogaいますimasuka

(tēburu no shita ni neko ga imasu ka)

English

Is there a cat under the table?

Answer

いいえīeいませんimasen

(īe imasen)

No, there isn't.

3

へやheyanoなかnakaniだれdaregaいますimasuka

(heya no naka ni dare ga imasu ka)

English

Who is in the room?

Answer

おんなonnanokogaいますimasu

(onna no ko ga imasu)

There is a girl in the room.

Question 3

Instruction: Bob has just come back from her short business trip. At his office in LA, Ms. Saito, his boss, is chatting with him. Reading their conversation, answer the following questions, of course, in Japanese.

さいとうsaitōボブbobuさんsan東京tōkyōwaどうdoでしたdeshitaka

(bobu san tōkyō wa do deshita ka)

English

How was your trip to Tokyo, Bob?

ボブbobuとてもtotemoおもしろかったomoshirokattaですdesu

(totemo omoshirokatta desu)

English

It was very interesting.

さいとうsaitōなにnanioたべましたtabemashitaka

(nani o tabemashita ka)

English

What did you eat there?

ボブbobuサラダsaradaoたべましたtabemashita

(sarada o tabemashita)

English

I ate a salad.

さいとうsaitō:え? ラーメンは? てんぷらは?

(e) (rāmen wa) (tempura wa)

English

What? Didn't you enjoy ramen? How about tempura?

ボブbobuたべたかったtabetakattaですdesu...でもdemoおなかonakagaいたかったitakattaですdesu

(tabetakatta desu) (demo onaka ga itakatta desu)

English

I wanted to try them, but I had a stomachache.

さいとうsaitōだいじょうぶdaijōbuでしたdeshitaka

(daijōbu deshita ka)

English

Were you all right?

ボブbobuはいhaiホテルhoterunoクロークkurōkugaアスピリンasupurinoくれましたkuremashita

(hai) (hoteru no kurōku ga asupurin o kuremashita)

English

WYes, the cloak at the hotel gave me an aspirin.

1

ボブbobuさんsanwaどこdokoeいきましたikimashitaka

(bobu san wa doko e ikimashita ka)

English

Where did Bob go?

Answer

とうきょうtōkyōeいきましたikimashita

(tōkyō e ikimashita)

2

ボブbobuさんsanwaなにnanioたべましたtabemashitaka

(bobu san wa nani o tabemashita ka)

English

What did Bob eat?

Answer

サラダsaradaoたべましたtabemashita

(sarada o tabemashita)

3

クロークkurōkuwaボブbobuさんsanniなにnanioあげましたagemashitaka

(kurōku wa bobu san ni nani o agemashita ka)

English

Where did the cloak give to Bob?

Answer

アスピリンasupirinoあげましたagesmashita

(asupirin o agesmashita)