Japan-easy#19Which is heavier?

Comparing two things

1. Dotchi/ yori

Today, we have a quiz show for you where they compare two items or choose an item out of a selection of three.

When comparing two items, we use the word “dotchi.”
“Dotchi” means "which." When comparing A and B, we say "A to B to."
In this case, the items were “kanzume” and “jisho.”
Therefore, the sentence was “Kanzume to jisho to dotchi ga omoi desuka?”

The man said that the dictionary is heavier than the canned food. If we say the canned food is A and the dictionary is B, then we get the form “B wa A yori omoi desu.”

A yori means "compared to A."
When referring to an item you are comparing to, use the word “yori”.
Take a look at the woman’s answer as well; it’s the complete opposite of what the man said.

2. Tango-easy!

Tango means "word."
We'll go out into the city and look for various words.

Today, we visit a children's event held by the locals to find words that are written in “hiragana” and “katakana.” Without further ado, let's check out some words.

3. Dore ga ichiban nagai desuka?

For the second half of the quiz, we'll be comparing three items. What sort of expression will we learn now?

Host: “A aka, B ao, C midori.
Kono mittsu no naka de, dore ga ichiban nagai desuka?”

When comparing three or more items, he uses the word “dore.”
It's different from comparing two items, when the word “dotchi” was used.
“Nagai” means "long." If you put the word “ichiban” before that, it means it's the longest out of all the items.
Therefore, we get "Dore ga ichiban nagai desuka?" This sentence means "Which is the longest?" Now let's look at the man's answer.

4. Phrase-easy!

You will learn useful Japanese phrases and real-life experiences relating to those phrases.
On the menu today, we have “otsukaresama.”

Tea Break

Kuzumanjū

Kuzumanjū

The kuzumanjū has the gentle flavor of kudzu, or Japanese arrowroot, and its jelly-like texture melts right in your mouth.
It is made by adding water and sugar to kudzu powder and boiled. Then a slightly hard azuki bean paste is wrapped inside and steamed.

Exercises
on the Net #19

Question 1

Instruction:Following the example below, make three Japanese sentences of comparison.

ex.

Which is heavier, the can or the dictionary?

かんづめkanzumetoじしょjishotoどっちdotchigaおもいomoiですかdesuka

(kanzume to jisho to dotchi ga omoi desu ka)

1

Which is more expensive, a wine or a beer?

Answer

ワインwaintoビールbīrutoどっちdotchigaたかいtakaiですかdesuka

(wain to bīru to dotchi ga takai desu ka)

2

Which is more vigorous, Mr. Suzuki or Mr. Tanaka?

Answer

すずきsuzukiさんsantoたなかtanakaさんsantoどっちdotchigaげんきgenkiですかdesuka

(kamera desu)

3

Which is heavier, this dictionary or that dictionary?

Answer

このkonoじしょjishotoあのanoじしょjishotoどっちdotchigaおもいomoiですかdesuka

(kono jisho to ano jisho to dotchi ga omoi desu ka)

Question 2

Instruction:Answer the following Japanese questions in Japanese.

1

エンパイアenpaiyaステートsutētoビルディングbirudingutoペンタゴンpentagontoどっちdotchigaたかいtakaiですかdesuka

(enpaiya sutēto birudingu to pentagon to dotchi ga takai desu ka)

English

Which is higher, the Empire State Building or the Pentagon?

Answer

エンパイアenpaiyaステートsutētoビルディングbirudingunoほうgaたかいtakaiですdesu。

(enpaiya sutēto birudingu no hō ga takai desu)

2

アメリカamerikatoカナダkanadatoどっちdotchigaおおきいōkiiですかdesuka

(amerika to kanada to dotchi ga ōkii desu ka)

English

Which is larger, America or Canada?

Answer

カナダkanadanoほうgaおおきいōkiiですdesu

(kanada no hō ga ōkii desu)

3

ピラミッドpiramiddotoふじさんfujisantoどっちdotchigaおおきいōkiiですかdesuka

(piramiddo to fujisan to dotchi ga ōkii desu ka)

English

Which is bigger, the pyramid or Mt. Fuji?

Answer

ふじさんfujisannoほうgaおおきいōkiiですdesu

(fujisan no ho ga ōkii desu)

Question 3

Instruction:Make the following words in order to be equivalent to “Which one is the heaviest in the three?”.

か(ka)、で(de)、が(ga)、の(no)、どれ(sore)、なか(naka)、です(desu)、おもい(omoi)、いちばん(ichiban)、みっつ(mittsu)

Answer

みっつmittsunoなかnakadeどれdoregaいちばんichibanおもいomoiですかdesuka

(mittsu no naka de dore ga ichiban omoi desu ka)