1. Dotchi/ yori
Today, we have a quiz show for you where they compare two items or choose an item out of a selection of three.
When comparing two items, we use the word “dotchi.”
“Dotchi” means "which." When comparing A and B, we say "A to B to."
In this case, the items were “kanzume” and “jisho.”
Therefore, the sentence was “Kanzume to jisho to dotchi ga omoi desuka?”
The man said that the dictionary is heavier than the canned food. If we say the canned food is A and the dictionary is B, then we get the form “B wa A yori omoi desu.”
A yori means "compared to A."
When referring to an item you are comparing to, use the word “yori”.
Take a look at the woman’s answer as well; it’s the complete opposite of what the man said.
Tango means "word."
We'll go out into the city and look for various words.
Today, we visit a children's event held by the locals to find words that are written in “hiragana” and “katakana.” Without further ado, let's check out some words.
3. Dore ga ichiban nagai desuka?
For the second half of the quiz, we'll be comparing three items. What sort of expression will we learn now?
Host: “A aka, B ao, C midori.
Kono mittsu no naka de, dore ga ichiban nagai desuka?”
When comparing three or more items, he uses the word “dore.”
It's different from comparing two items, when the word “dotchi” was used.
“Nagai” means "long." If you put the word “ichiban” before that, it means it's the longest out of all the items.
Therefore, we get "Dore ga ichiban nagai desuka?" This sentence means "Which is the longest?" Now let's look at the man's answer.
You will learn useful Japanese phrases and real-life experiences relating to those phrases.
On the menu today, we have “otsukaresama.”
The kuzumanjū has the gentle flavor of kudzu, or Japanese arrowroot, and its jelly-like texture melts right in your mouth.
It is made by adding water and sugar to kudzu powder and boiled. Then a slightly hard azuki bean paste is wrapped inside and steamed.
on the Net #19
Instruction:Following the example below, make three Japanese sentences of comparison.
Which is heavier, the can or the dictionary?
(kanzume to jisho to dotchi ga omoi desu ka)
Which is more expensive, a wine or a beer?
(wain to bīru to dotchi ga takai desu ka)
Which is more vigorous, Mr. Suzuki or Mr. Tanaka?
Which is heavier, this dictionary or that dictionary?
(kono jisho to ano jisho to dotchi ga omoi desu ka)
Instruction:Answer the following Japanese questions in Japanese.
(enpaiya sutēto birudingu to pentagon to dotchi ga takai desu ka)
Which is higher, the Empire State Building or the Pentagon?
(enpaiya sutēto birudingu no hō ga takai desu)
(amerika to kanada to dotchi ga ōkii desu ka)
Which is larger, America or Canada?
(kanada no hō ga ōkii desu)
(piramiddo to fujisan to dotchi ga ōkii desu ka)
Which is bigger, the pyramid or Mt. Fuji?
(fujisan no ho ga ōkii desu)
Instruction:Make the following words in order to be equivalent to “Which one is the heaviest in the three?”.
(mittsu no naka de dore ga ichiban omoi desu ka)