Japan-easy#16I want this refrigerator.

Expressing
what you want

1. Hoshii./Hoshii desu.

Today, we're going to go over expressions for saying that you want something.

On a certain afternoon, a couple is watching a TV shopping show.
A white refrigerator comes on the show, and the wife says…

Wife: “Hoshii! Watashi wa kono rēzōko ga hoshii desu.”

She says she wants something as she watches the show.
“Hoshii” is a word used to express that you want something.
This expression is actually the form “A wa B ga C desu.”
When you want to say that you want something, you just have to use the form
“A wa B ga C desu.”

2. Tango-easy!

“Tango” means “word.”
We'll go out into the city and look at various words.
We've come to a supermarket today. I wonder what sort of tango we'll run into.

3. Hoshiku nai desu.

Now let's learn the negative form of “Hoshii desu.”

The husband wakes up from his nightmare where the wife keeps on saying she wants stuff.
Now, he is watching the same show again with his wife.
But this time, the wife doesn’t want anything that comes on.
Let’s review their conversation to learn the negative form.

Husband: “Anata wa denshi renji ga hoshii desuka?”
Wife: “Uun, hoshiku nai desu.”

When her husband asked her if she wanted a microwave, she answered with the negative form, saying “Hoshiku nai desu.”
Let's compare this with the positive response.
The positive response is “Hoshii desu.”
To make the negative response “Hoshiku nai desu,” “i” in “Hoshii desu” is changed to “ku,” and “nai” is added. “Nai” means "not."
This is how you create the negative form.

4. Phrase-easy!

You will learn useful Japanese phrases and real-life experiences relating to those phrases.
On the menu today, we have the expression “ao nisai.”

Tea Break

Edamame

Edamame

Edamame is premature soy beans that are harvested while still green. They appear in early summer, and are commonly served boiled with salt. The name comes from the fact that it used to be cooked while still on the branch – “eda” means “branch” and “mame” means “bean.” Salt-boiled edamame is a great accompaniment for beer and is loved by people throughout Japan. It is said that the abundant protein in edamame helps break down alcohol, so it’s the perfect dish for drinks.

Exercises
on the Net #16

Question 1

Instruction:The following pictures are what you want. Mkae “I want ....” , by using “A wa B ga hoshii desu” structure.

1

a sweater

Answer

わたしwatashiwaセーターsētāgaほしいhoshiiですdesu

(watashi wa sētā ga hoshii desu)

I want a sweater.

2

a white shirt

Answer

わたしwatashiwaしろいshiroiシャツshatsugaほしいhoshiiですdesu

(watashi wa shiroi shatsu ga hoshii desu)

I want a white shirt.

3

An Italian red neck tie

Answer

わたしwatashiwaイタリアitarianoあかいakaiネクタイnekutaigaほしいhoshiiですdesu

(watashi wa itaria no akai nekutai ga hoshii desu)

Question 2

Instruction:You are a person in the picure below, feeling sick. You need water, but don’t need an aspirin. Based on the situation, answer the questions in Japanese.

1

みずmizugaほしいhoshiiですかdesuka

(mizu ga hoshii desu ka)

Do you want water?

Answer

はいhai、ほしいhoshiiですdesu

Yes, I want it.

2

アスピリンasupiringaほしいhoshiiですかdesuka

(asupirin ga hoshii desu ka)

Do you want an anpirin?

Answer

いいえiie、ほしくhoshikuないnaiですdesu

(iie, hoshiku nai desu))

Question 3

Instruction:As the total review of Japanese sentence pattern “A wa B ga C”, translate the following English sentences into Japanese.

1

I like Japanese chocolates.

Answer

わたしwatashiwa日本nihonnoチョコレートchokorētogaすきsukiですdesu

(watashi wa nihon no chokorēto ga suki desu)

2

I need a red pen.

Answer

わたしwatashiwaあかいakaiペンpengaひつようhitsuyōですdesu

(watashi wa akai pen ga hitsuyō desu)

3

I want a gorgeous diamond.

Answer

わたしwatashiwaごうかなgōkanaダイヤモンドdaiyamndogaほしいhoshiiですdesu

(watashi wa gōkana daiyamndo ga hoshii desu)