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Japan-easy#14There's the shop on
the right side of the signal.

Saying that
something is there

1. Shingō no migi ni/ano shita ni

Today, we'll see how to explain in detail where something or someone is.

The lady is meeting her boyfriend in Asakusa. Let’s check out their conversation about going shopping.

The man: “Omise wa doko desuka?” The lady: “Omise wa shingō no migi ni arimasu.”

“Omise” means “shop” and “doko” means “where.” He put “desu” and “ka” after that to make it the question form to ask where the shop is.

Then the lady answered, “Omise wa shingō no migi ni arimasu.” “Shingō” is “traffic light” and “migi” is “right.” She put “no” in between the words and said “shingō no migi,” which means “to the right of the traffic light.”

You simply have to add “ni” to the word that describes the position and say “Shingō no migi ni arimasu.” “Arimasu” is the keyword that describes that something is there.

The two turned right at the light and found something surprising.
The man: “Biru no ue ni shefu ga imasu.”
The lady: “Ano shita ni omise ga arimasu.”

There were words that describe position in that conversation too. First, the word “ue.” “Ue” means “on top of,” so “biru no ue” means “on top of the building.” Then the lady answered, “shita.” “Shita” means “under.” “Ano” is used to refer to something that is far away from the speaker and the listener. In this case, the word was referring to the chef statue that was across the street. Therefore, “Ano shita ni omise ga arimasu” means that the store the couple was looking for is under the chef statue.

Now, let's see the two shopping inside the store. The two came to buy a frying pan, and they asked the manager where the frying pans are.

The man: “Furaipan wa doko ni arimasuka?”
The manager: “Furaipan wa hidari no tana ni arimasu.”

Take note that since he wanted to ask about frying pans, he first used the phrase “furaipan wa.” The manager also started with the phrase “furaipan wa” to confirm that frying pans were the topic of the conversation.

2. Kanji-easy!

There are about 2,000 “kanji” that are regularly used.
This section will use various methods that will allow you to visualize kanji.
We hope you will become acquainted with kanji while having fun.
Today, we have kanji that represent morning, daytime, and night.
You’ll see some typical Japanese meals in the video too.

3. Tempura wa karē no hidari ni arimasu.

Let's take a closer look at how to express where something is.
There is a practice question at the end so have fun with that too.

In this video, three close friends visit a famous food sample shop in Asakusa.
Everyone says a lot of stuff, talking from their perspective about where the food items are. Can you understand where each dish is?
Let's view the scene carefully for some of the phrases we learned.

4. Phrase-easy!

You will learn useful Japanese phrases and real-life experiences relating to those phrases.
On the menu today, we have the phrase “atama ga masshiro.”

Tea Break

Hiyayakko

Hiyayakko

This is a standard tofu dish, often served as a side dish for dinner or a compliment to alcoholic drinks.

A chilled piece of tofu is cut into a large, rectangular piece, and topped with condiments such as green onions, Japanese ginger, bonito flakes, ginger, and soy sauce. Hiyayakko is the perfect dish for the hot summers in Japan when people lose their appetite and prefer light, refreshing dishes.

Exercises
on the Net #14

Question 1

Instruction:Following the example below, describe each place in Japanese.

ex.

ビルbiruno

(biru no ue)

on the building

1

Answer

テーブルtēburuno

(tēburu no shita)

under the table

2

Answer

スマートsumātoフォンfonno

(sumāto fon no migi)

at the right of the smart phone

3

Answer

nekono手前

(neko no temae)

at the front side of the cat

Question 2

Instruction:Looking at the picture below, explain where each food is by using the two cue words.

ex.

オレンジorenji (orenji = orange)・
みぎmigi (migi = right)

オレンジorenjiwaミルクmirukunomiginiありますarimasu

(orenji wa miruku no migi ni arimasu)

The orange is at the right of the milk.

1

ミルクmiruku (miruku = milk)・
ひだりhidari (hidari = left)

Answer

ミルクmirukuwaオレンジorenjinohidariniありますarimasu

(miruku wa orenji no hidari ni arimasu)

The milk is at the left of the orange.

2

みそ汁misoshiru (misoshiru = miso soup)・
ひだりhidari (hidari = left)

Answer

みそ汁misoshiruwaミルクmirukunohidariniありますarimasu

(misoshiru wa miruku no hidari ni arimasu)

The miso soup is at the the left of the milk.

3

ハンバーグhanbāgu (hanbāgu = hamburg steak)・
てまえtemae (temae = at the front)

Answer

ハンバーグhanbāguwaレタスretasunoてまえtemaeniありますarimasu

(hanbāgu wa retasu no temae ni arimasu)

The hamburg steak is at the front of the lettuce.

Question 3

Instruction:Looking at the picture below, choose two correct sentences to describe the scene.

1.はるかharukawaテーブルtēburunoueniいますimasu

(haruka wa tēburu no ue ni imasu)

2.りゅうたryūtawaテーブルtēburunoueniいますimasu

(ryūta wa tēburu no ue ni imasu)

3.りゅうたryūtawaかびんkabin(vase)のnohidariniいますimasu

(ryūta wa kabin no hidari ni imasu)

4.さかなsakanawaねこnekonoてまえtemaeniありますarimasu

(sakana wa neko no temae ni arimasu)

5.ナイフnaifutoフォークfōkuwaテーブルtēburunoshitaniありますarimasu

(naifu to fōku wa tēburu no shita ni arimasu)

6.ダイヤモンドdaiyamondowaはるかharukanoushironiありますarimasu

(daiyamondo wa haruka no ushiro ni arimasu)

Correct answers

2 and 4