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Japan-easy#13There's someone in the next room.

Saying that
someone is there

1. Arimasu/Imasu

Today, we will show you how to talk about something you find or something that is there.

Detective Michael heads to the secret hideout of a dangerous criminal. He finds some clues to solving the crime and talks to his partner over the radio. Take a look at how he tells his partner about what he saw and what is there.

Michael: “Kuruma ga arimasu.”
Michael reports to his partner that he's found a car.

That is how you explain that an item is there. You say the item and add “ga” and “arimasu.”

Michael: “Tēburu no ue ni naifu ga arimasu.”
The next item he finds is a knife, which is also called “naifu” in Japanese. Michael gives a detailed explanation about the location of the knife.

Michael: “Dareka ga imasu.”
Michael reports to his partner that he's found someone in the room next door. Instead of “arimasu,” Michael says “imasu.” The word “dareka” means “someone.” If you're talking about a person or a living thing, you don't say “arimasu.” You say “imasu.”

2. Tango-easy!

“Tango” means “word.”
We'll go out into the city and look at various words.

Today, we visit Sugamo, Tokyo. This town is noted for being popular among the elderly. It's lively as usual, filled with local grandpas, grandmas, and tourists.

Let’s find lots of different tango! How many can you find? We’ll see some kanji that we’ve learned in the past, so look out for that too!

3. Imasu/Arimasu

Today, we're going over how to say that a person or thing is there. Let's see how to differentiate between “imasu” and “arimasu.”

“Otōsan ga imasu.”
“Okāsan mo imasu.”
“Onēchan mo imasu.”
“Kingyo no Orenji mo imasu.”

First, the boy was speaking about people and living things, so he used “imasu.”
After the first person, he used “mo” and not “ga.”
“Mo” means “also.”

“Chokorēto ga arimasu.”
“Kyandhi mo arimasu.”
“Gamu mo arimasu.”
Then, he used “arimasu” when speaking about objects.

We'll see more examples of how to use “imasu” and “arimasu.”
Try repeating after the sentences in the next video.

Exercises
on the Net #13

Question 1

Instruction:Choose the correct word in the blanks.

ex.

1

テニスtenisuno ラケットrakettogaありますarimasu /いますimasu )。

(tenisu no raketto ga) (arimasu / imasu)

Note: ラケット:racket

Answer

ありますarimasu

(arimasu)

2

テニスtenisuno コーチkōchigaありますarimasu /いますimasu )。

(tenisu no kōchi ga) (arimasu / imasu)

Note: コーチ:coach

Answer

いますimasu

(imasu)

3

コーチkōchino ラケットrakettogaありますarimasu /いますimasu )。

(kōchi no raketto ga) (arimasu / imasu)

Answer

ありますarimasu

(arimasu)

Question 2

Instruction:Make a Japanese sentence that describes each picture.

1

Answer

(箱の中に)hako no naka niチョコレートchokorētogaありますarimasu

(hako no naka ni)(chokorēto ga arimasu)

Note: 箱(hako):a box

2

Answer

テーブルtēburunoshitaninekogaいますimasu

(tēburu no shita ni neko ga imasu)

Note: 猫(neko): a cat

3

Answer

テーブルtēburu/机tsukuenoueniコンピューターkonpyūtāgaありますarimasu

(tēburu/tsukue no ue ni konpyūtā ga arimasu)

Note: 机(tsukue):a desk

4

Answer

saranoueniトマトtomatotoブロッコリーburokkorīgaありますarimasu

(sara no ue ni tomato to burokkorī ga arimasu)

Note: 皿(sara):a dish