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Japan-easy#12Is it an omelet
or scrambled eggs?

Asking if something is A or B

1. A? Soretomo B?

Today, we'll learn how to ask whether something is either A or B.

“Omuretsu desuka? Soretomo sukuranburu eggu desuka?”
The word “soretomo” is similar to the word “or” in English.
Let’s check out another example from the video.

Hagen is thinking about taking a day trip somewhere from Tokyo.
He's come to a travel agency.
This is the question he asked when he made a reservation for the trip to Kamakura.
“Sono tsuā wa densha desuka? Soretomo basu desuka?”
He asked what the method of transportation was.
When asking a question by presenting more than one option, we use “soretomo.”

2. “Onegaishimasu” and “kara/made”

Now let’s look at how Hagen tries to reserve the tour and how he confirms the schedule.

“Kamakura no tsuā o onegaishimasu.”
"Onegaishimasu" is similar to the word "please."
A request, followed by "o onegaishimasu" is the magic phrase to get help.
This is a really useful phrase to remember.

Hagen: “Nanji kara nanji made desuka?”
The lady: “Hachiji kara goji made desu.”
“Kara” means “from,” and “made” means “to.”
“Nanji” means “what time.”
“Kara” and “made” are used to express the beginning and end of a schedule.
It’s useful for determining a duration of time or a starting point and a destination, so make sure you remember this!

3. Kanji-easy!

There are about 2,000 “kanji” that are regularly used.
This section will use various methods that will allow you to visualize kanji.
We hope you will become acquainted with kanji while having fun.
Today, we'll see some more kanji that express numbers.
Check out the video to learn the kanji for one to ten.

4. “Watashi no”

Hagen had a great time sightseeing around Kamakura.
After the tour ended in the evening, the bus came back to Tokyo.
But at the end of the trip, Hagen experienced slight trouble.

“Sore wa watashi no sūtsukēsu desu.”
Hagen claimed ownership for the suitcase the man was trying to take.
This sentence uses the word “no,” which we learned before to express ownership.

Hagen used “no” in between “watashi” and “suitcase” to say that he was the owner of the suitcase.

Actually, you can omit the noun at the end too if the subject is clear.

5. “Kore wa” and “Kore ga”

When the attendant was sorting out the luggage, he differentiated between “kore wa” and “kore ga.”

First, the attendant said, “Kore wa kare no desu” and used “wa.”
This means, “Regarding this suitcase, it is his.”

For Hagen's suitcase, the attendant used “ga” and said “kore ga.”
"Ga" is used for emphasis.
The attendant was saying, “THIS is yours.”

6. Phrase-easy!

You will learn useful Japanese phrases and real-life experiences relating to those phrases.
On the menu today, we have the expression “toriaezu.”

Tea Break

Tokoroten

Tokoroten

Tokoroten is a kind of food made by boiling red algae such as “tengusa” or “ogonori” and cooling the resulting liquid in a mold. Once the cooled liquid becomes a jelly, it is often times cut into a noodle-like shape using a device known as a “tentsuki.” Since the tokoroten itself is tasteless, different regions of Japan have their own seasonings for the dish, ranging from a salty mix of soy sauce and vinegar, to a sweet sauce using brown sugar.

The dish is rich in dietary fibers and beneficial for intestinal problems, resulting in tokoroten to be favored by people on diets.
The dish is perfect for cooling off on a hot summer day, so try out the tokoroten if you ever want to escape from the scorching heat.

Exercises
on the Net #12

Question 1

Instruction:Making the words in order, make alternative question sentences in Japanese.

ex.

Is this an omlet or scramble eggs?

オムレツ (omuretsu)

スクランブルエッグ (sukuranburu eggu)

ですか (desuka)

それとも (soretomo)

これkorewa_____ですかdesuka

これkorewaオムレツomuretsuですか、desukaそれとも
soretomoスクランブルエッグsukuranburuegguですかdesuka

(kore wa omuretsu desuka, soretomo sukuranburueggu desuka)

1

Is this ramen or udon?

それとも (soretomo)

ですか (desuka)

ラーメン (ramen)

うどん (udon)

これkorewa_____ですかdesuka

Answer

これkorewaラーメンrāmenですか、desukaそれとも
soretomoうどんudonですかdesuka

(kore wa rāmen desuka, soretomo udon desuka)

2

Do you use a train or a bus in the tour?

ですか (desuka)

そのツアーは (sono tsua wa)

それとも (soretomo)

でんしゃ (densha)

バス (basu)

_____ですかdesuka

Answer

そのsonoツアーtsuāwaでんしゃdenshaですか、desukaそれともsoretomoバスですかdesuka

(sono tsuā wa densha desuka, soretomo basu desuka)

3

Is that a man or a mascot?

マスコット (masukotto)

ひと (hito)

あれは (are wa)

ですか (desuka)

それとも (soretomo)

_____

Answer

あれarewaひとhitoですか、desukaそれともsoretomoマスコットmasukottoですかdesuka

(are wa hito desuka, soretomo masukotto desuka)

Question 2

Instruction:Fill the proper words on the underline below and complete the sentence.

ex.

Q. バスツアーbasutsuāwaなんじnanjiからkaraなんじnanjiまでmadeですかdesuka

(basutsuā wa nanji kara nanji made desuka)

A. 8じhachijiからkara5じgojiまでmadeですdesu

(hachiji kara goji made desu)

1

Q. スーパーsūpāwaなんじnanjiからkaraなんじnanjiまでmadeですかdesuka

(sūpā wa nanji kara nanji made desuka)

Answer

A. 10じjujiからkara5じhachijiまでmadeですdesu

(juji kara hachiji made desu)

2

Q. クリニックkurinikkuwaなんじnanjiからkaraなんじnanjiまでmadeですかdesuka

(kurinikku wa nanji kara nanji made desuka)

Answer

A. 9じkujiからkara6じrokujiまでmadeですdesu

(kuji kara rokuji made desu)

3

Q. ぎんこうginkō(Bank)はwa_____

A. 9じkujiからkara3じsanjiまでmadeですdesu

(kuji kara sanji made desu)

Answer

Q. ぎんこうginkōwaなんじnanjiからkaraなんじnanjiまでmadeですかdesuka

A. 9じkujiからkara3じsanjiまでmadeですdesu

(kuji kara sanji made desu)

Question 3

Instruction:Complete the dialogue in Japanese by translating English sentences to Japanese.

Visitor:A tour to Kamakura, please. It’s tomorrow.

Travel agent:はい、だいじょうぶです。

Visitor:Do we use a train or a bus in the tour?

Agent:バスです。バスツアーです。

Visitor:From what time to what time is the tour?

Agent:8じから17じまでです。

おきゃくokyaku

Answer

かまくらkamakuranoツアーtsuāoおねがいしますonegaishimasu。あしたashitaですdesu

(kamakura no tsuā o onegaishimasu) (ashita desu)

てんいんtenin:はい、hai800円happyakuenですdesu

(tenin:   hai happyakuen desu)

おきゃくokyaku:はいhai

(okyaku:   hai)

てんいんtenin:チケットchikettotoバスbasuグッズguzzuですdesu

(tenin:   chiketto to basu guzzu desu)

おきゃくokyaku

Answer

これkorewaむりょうmuryoですかdesuka、それともsoretomo…。

(kore wa muryo desuka, soretomo)

てんいんtenin:むりょうmuryoですdesu

(tenin:   muryo desu)

おきゃくokyaku

Answer

おんせんonsenwaなんじnanjiからkaraなんじnanjiまでmadeですかdesuka

(onsen wa nanji kara nanji made desuka)

てんいんtenin:18じrokujiからkara23じjuichijiまでmadeですdesu

(tenin:   rokuji kara juichiji made desu)