Today, we'll learn the past tense and negative forms of verbs by watching Japan's national sport: sumo. The reporter Mary has come to the sumo club at the University of Tokyo, which is one of Japan's most prestigious schools. She interviews the 7 members who train hard from early in the morning and ask them how they spend their day.
Mary: “Asa nanji ni okimasuka?”
Student: “Goji ni okimasu. Sorekara rokuji ni keiko o shimasu.” We learned before that “okimasu” means “wake up.”
Also, recall that if you're saying what time an action takes place, you add “ni” after the time.
“Sorekara” means “then.” “Keiko” means “practice.” It's used to talk about practicing for traditional arts like sumo. The sentence means that he starts practicing at 6 in the morning.
Mary: “Nanjikan keiko o shimasuka?”
Student: “Maiasa sanjikan keiko o shimasu.”
In Mary’s question, “nanjikan” means “how many hours.” “Ka” at the end of the sentence is used to form questions. When you're talking about duration and not the time, you don’t use “ni.”
Mary: “Chōshoku wa tabemasuka?”
Student: “Iie, tabemasen. Chūshoku wa takusan tabemasu.”
The student said that the sumo club members don't eat breakfast but eat lunch. Let's take a look at the affirmative response about lunch first. “Chūshoku wa takusan tabemasu.”
Next, let’s look at the negative response. To make the negative form of the verb, just change “tabemasu” to “tabemasen.” “Iie, tabemasen.”
There are about 2,000 “kanji” that are regularly used.
This section will use various methods that will allow you to visualize kanji.
We hope you will become acquainted with kanji while having fun.
Today, we'll see another proverb using kanji for numbers, this time for “seven,” and “eight.”
3. Ikimasen deshita.
This video is an interview with Daieiumi, the yokozuna from the U.K. who has overcome his injuries and won the championship.
The announcer was asking about his injury.
Announcer: “Tokorode, senshū kega o shimashitane. Byōin e ikimashitaka?”
Daieiumi: “Ikimasen deshita.”
“Tokorode” means “by the way.”
“Senshū” means “last week.”
“Kega o shimashitane” means “got injured.”
“Ikimashita” is the past tense of “ikimasu.”
The announcer added “ka” after “ikimashita” to make the question form,and asked the yokozuna if he went to the hospital.
In Daieiumi’s answer, “ikimasen” is the negative form of “ikimasu.”
“Deshita” is a word used to describe the past.
So that's how you create the negative past tense form.
Just add “deshita” to the negative form.
4. Kaerimasen deshita.
The yokozuna hasn't gone back to the U.K. for 10 years.
Let's go over how he said that.
Daieiumi: “Igirisu e zenzen kaerimasen deshita.”
“Kaerimasen” is the negative form of “kaerimasu,” which means to “go back” or “come back.”
Then, “deshita” was added to make it the past tense form.
You will learn useful Japanese phrases and real-life experiences relating to those phrases.
On the menu today, we have the expression "Kekkō desu.”
Shōbu no higashi
Shōbu is a flower that has long bloomed in summertime Japan, starting to appear around May and June.
The blade-shaped leaves have a strong scent and have been said to ward off evil.
Shōbu no higashi is shaped to resemble the flower and is a kind of confection known as higashi, which is made by shaping dry ingredients like sugar or wheat flour.
There are many other kinds of higashi, such as rakugan and wasanbon, and various regions have different kinds that often times represent seasonal items.
Not only are they a great treat for the palate, their beautiful shapes are a delight to the eyes.
on the Net #11
Instruction:Change the following sentences to (a) the negative form then to (b) the negative-past form.
(danieru wa tenisu o shimasu)
(Daniel plays tennis.)
(danieru wa tenisu o shimasen)
(danieru wa tenisu o shimasen deshita)
(abigeiru wa asakusa e ikimasu)
(Abigail goes to Asakusa.)
(abigeiru wa asakusa e ikimasen)
(abigeiru wa asakusa e ikimasen deshita)
Instruction:Make a question sentence in Japanese that leads the underlined answer.
(hachiji ni okimasu)
(nanji ni okimasu ka)
(īe robu-san wa ōsaka e ikimasen)
(kyōto e ikimasu)
(robu-san wa osaka e ikimasu ka)
(kinō nana jikan nemashita)
(kinō nan jikan nemashita ka)
Attention: The word “nanji” means “what time”, while “nanjikan” shows “how many hours”.
Instruction:Reading the short story below, answer the questions in Japanese.
Yesterday Abigail made a promise to meet Ichiro at Harajuku station. Ichiro told her to meet her at seven o’clock, shichiji . She heard it as one o’clock, ichiji.
Now Abi is waiting for him for one hour. Ichiro has not appeared yet. She has telephoned him three times but he has not answered because he is taking a nap.
Abi gets upset and will leave the station soon. We all know if Ichiro can meet her in the evening at Harajuku, one of the most interesting places in Tokyo.
Notes: Shichiji is more frequently used than nanaji.
(ima nanji desu ka)
(abigeiru wa ichirō ni denwa wo shimashita ka)
Notes: denwa o suru = to make a telephone call
(īe denwa o shimasen deshita)
(ichirō wa nanji ni harajuku eki e ikimasu ka)
(shichi ji ni ikimasu)