1. Top
  2. Japan-easy
  3. #9

Japan-easy#9I wake up at 5:00.

Talking about action (Part1)

1. Verbs

Today, we'll go over verbs that will allow you to express actions.
In the video, the man used verbs to talk about things he does.
Each of the phrases ended in “masu.”
This is a polite way of expressing actions.
Saying something that expresses an action and adding “o shimasu” means you do that certain action.

When speaking about a specific time you do something, you add “ni” before the verb.
“Rokuji ni jogingu o shimasu.”

When speaking about how long you run for, you don’t use “ni.”
Just say the duration and verb.
“Sanjikan hashirimasu.”

2. Kanji-easy!

There are about 2,000 “kanji” that are regularly used.
This section will use various methods that will allow you to visualize kanji.
We hope you will become acquainted with kanji while having fun.
Often times, each part of a kanji has a meaning, and the parts come together to create the kanji.

Let’s look at the kanji for “person” and see how it is used in other kanji.

3. The relation between an action and an object

Now, we'll take a look at the relation between an action and the object that receives the action.

“Tabemasu” means "to eat."
When we talk about the food we eat, we add “o.”
“Chikin to sarada o tabemasu.”

Next, we'll learn the past tense of verbs.
The present tense is “verb + masu,” and the past tense becomes “verb + mashita.”
Ending the sentence with “mashita” is how you express actions that happened in the past.

Finally, we have the sentence “Harajuku de kaimashita.”
When you want to say where an action took place, simply add the word “de” before the verb.

4. Phrase-easy!

You will learn useful Japanese phrases and real-life experiences relating to those phrases.

On the menu today, we have “taiyaki.”

Tea Break

Taiyaki

Taiyaki

This popular snack takes on the shape of a sea bream, known as “tai” in Japanese.
The flour-based dough is cooked in a tai-shaped mold and filled with anko, a sweet adzuki bean paste.
The snack has been enjoyed by people of all ages for over a century, and nowadays, it is taking on many variations, with different fillings such as custard cream, chocolate, or cheese.

Exercises
on the Net #9

Question 1

Instruction:Change the tense of the following sentences to the past.

1

リーさんrī-sanwaステーキsutēkio食べますtabemasu

(rī-san wa sutēki o tabemasu)

(Mr. Lee eats steak.)

Answer

リーさんrī-sanwaステーキsutēkio食べましたtabemashita

(rī-san wa sutēki o tabemashita)

2

エミリーemirīwaコーラkōrao飲みますnomimasu

(emirī wa kōra o nomimasu)

(Emily drinks cola.)

Answer

エミリーemirīwaコーラkōrao飲みましたnomimashita

(emirī wa kōra o nomimashita)

3

ポールpōruwaテレビterebiゲームgēmuo買いますkaimasu

(pōru wa terebi gēmu o kaimasu)

(Paul buys a video game.)

Notes: In Japanese, a video game is called “TV game (terebi gemu)”.

Answer

ポールpōruwaテレビterebiゲームgēmuo買いましたkaimashita

(pōru wa terebi gēmu o kaimashita)

Question 2

Instruction:Translate the following English sentences into Japanese.

1

Answer

一郎ichirōwa7時shichi-jini起きましたokimashita

(ichirō wa shichi-ji ni okimashita)

2

Answer

アマンダamandawa朝、asaセーターsētāo編みましたamimashita

(amanda wa asa sētā o amimashita)

3

Answer

マーカスmākasuwa5時go-jini走りhashiriましたmashita

(mākasu wa go-ji ni hashirimashita)

Question 3

Instruction:Looking at each picture, answer the question in Japanese.

6:00 Wake-up
7:00 Breakfast (black bread, orange and coffee)
10:00 Playing soccer with her friends
13:00 Lunch (vegetable pizza and lemonade)
15:00 Shopping at a supermarket (fruits and beer)
18:00 Dinner (salad and orange juice)

1

エミーさんemī-sanwa何時nanjini起きますかokimasuka

(emī-san wa nanji ni okimasu ka)

Answer

6時rokujini起きますokimasu

(rokuji ni okimasu)

I want to buy a new fridge.

2

エミーさんemī-sanwa10時jū-jininanioしますかshimasuka

(emī-san wa jū-ji ni nani o shimasu ka)

Answer

サッカーsakkāoしますshimasu

(sakkā o shimasu)

3

エミーさんemī-sanwaスーパーマーケットsūpāmākettodenanio買いますかkaimasuka

(emī-san wa sūpāmāketto de nani o kaimasu ka)

Answer

フルーツfurūtsutoビールbīruo買いますkaimasu

(furūtsu to bīru o kaimasu)

4

エミーさんemī-sanwaベジタリアンbejitarianですかdesuka

(emī-san wa bejitarian desu ka)

Notes:ベジタリアン=vegetarian

Answer

はい、haiそうですdesu

(hai sō desu)