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Japan-easy#8It's not good. It's hot!

Negative sentences

1. The negative form of adjectives.

Today, we'll learn the negative form of adjectives used to express feelings and thoughts.

In the video, we'll take a look at a conversation in a ramen restaurant, where two men talk about whether they thought their spicy ramen was good or not.

The first person said “Oishii desu” and the second person said “Oishiku naidesu.” He changed the first person's sentence and used the adjective's negative form.

For the negative form, “i” at the end of the adjective is replaced with “ku,” and “naidesu” is added. “Nai” means "not."

Also, we'll learn the past tense form used to express their thoughts after they finish eating. “Oishii desu” becomes “Oishikatta desu.”
You simply have to replace “i” with “katta.”
The negative past tense form is “Oishiku nakattadesu.”
You simply have to change “nai” to “nakatta.”

2. 11 Jūichi /12 Jūni /13 Jūsan.

Today, we'll learn how to count from 11 to 99.

In Japanese, the rule for counting these numbers is really easy.
Take the number 11 as an example.
If you write it out as a numerical formula,
it becomes 10 plus 1 equals 11.
In order to say 11 in Japanese, simply read the numbers in the formula. Jūichi.

3. Kanji-easy!

There are about 2,000 “kanji” that are regularly used.
This section will use various methods that will allow you to visualize kanji.

We hope you will become acquainted with kanji while having fun.
Many kinds of trees grow in Japan.
Check out the video to learn kanji related to trees.

4. The negative and past tense forms of adjectives.

Let's see another scene that uses the negative and past tense forms of adjectives.
Kos is from New Zealand and he's come to see a horror movie with his Japanese girlfriend.

After watching the movie, the two have a conversation using an adjective’s negative form and its past tense.
Check out how their opinions about the movie completely change after they’re done watching!

5. Phrase-easy!

You will learn useful Japanese phrases and real-life experiences relating to those phrases.
On the menu today, we have the expression “ojamashimasu.”

Tea Break

Kinakomochi

Kinakomochi

Freshly cooked mochi rice cakes are topped with kinako flour and white sugar.
Kinako is made by grinding roasted soy beans. It is rich in isoflavones, oligosaccharides, dietary fibers, and soy protein. Kinako has long been cherished by the Japanese as a health food.

Exercises
on the Net #8

Question 1

Instruction:Choose one of the illustrations (A-D) to indicate the meaning of the Adjectives (1-4).

ex

happy/glad

うれしいureshīですdesu

(ureshī desu)

1

cheap

Answer

やすいyasuiですdesu

(yasui desu)

2

delicious/yummy

Answer

おいしいoishīですdesu

(oishī desu)

3

scary

Answer

こわいkowaiですdesu

(kowai desu)

4

cute

Answer

かわいいkawaīですdesu

(kawaī desu)

Question 2

Instruction:Complete the chart by filling blanks.

ex.

Positive Negative
Present

おいしいoishīですdesu

(oishī desu)

(delicious/yummy)

おいしくoishikuないnaiですdesu

(oishikunai desu)

Past

おいしかったoishikattaですdesu

(oishikatta desu)

おいしくoishikuなかったnakattaですdesu

(oishikunakatta desu)

1

Positive Negative
Present

うれしいureshīですdesu

(ureshī desu)

(happy/glad)

Answer

うれしくureshikuないnaiですdesu

(ureshikunai desu)

Past

Answer

うれしかったureshikattaですdesu

(ureshikatta desu)

Answer

うれしくureshikuなかったnakattaです

(ureshikunakatta desu)

2

Positive Negative
Present

おもしろいomoshiroiですdesu

(omoshiroi desu)

(interesting/funny)

Answer

おもしろくomoshirokuないnaiですdesu

(omoshirokunai desu)

Past

Answer

おもしろかったomoshirokattaですdesu

(omoshirokatta desu)

Answer

おもしろくomoshirokuなかったnakattaですdesu

(omoshiroku nakatta desu)

3

Positive Negative
Present

やすいyasuiですdesu

(yasui desu)

(cheap)

Answer

やすくyasukuないnaiですdesu

(yasuku nai desu)

Past

Answer

やすかったyasukattaですdesu

(yasukatta desu)

Answer

やすくyasukuなかったnakattaですdesu

(yasuku nakatta desu)

Question 3

Instruction:During your trip in Japan, you have a chance to be interviewed at an entertainment park.
Looking at the illustration, answer the following questions in Japanese.

1

Interviewer:

りょうりryōriwa、どうでしたかdeshitaka

(ryōri wa dō deshitaka)

(How was the dish here?)

Answer

You:おいしかったoishikattaですdesu

(oishikatta desu)

2

Interviewer:

ここkokowa、どうでしたかdeshitaka

(koko wa dō deshitaka)

(How do you like the place?)

Answer

おもしろかったomoshirokattaですdesu

(omoshirokatta desu)

3

Interviewer:

えいがēgawa、こわかったkowakattaですかdesuka

(ēga wa kowakatta desuka)

(Was the movie scary?)

Answer

こわくkowakuなかったnakattaですdesu

(kowakunakatta desu)