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Japan-easy#7It was a pure white cat.

Past sentences (Part2)

1. Na-adjective + deshita.

Today, we'll focus on “deshita,” which is used when you want to express a past feeling or thought.

We’ll use the na-adjectives that we learned before. When you want to express your feelings or thoughts, you take out “na” and simply add “desu.” By simply changing “desu” to “deshita,” you can express your past feelings and thoughts.

The video shows the two who couldn’t find the cat café last time. They finally find the cat café, and they use na-adjective + “deshita” to express their thoughts about the cats they met.

2. Kanji-easy!

There are about 2,000 “kanji” that are regularly used.
This section will use various methods that will allow you to visualize kanji.
We hope you will become acquainted with kanji while having fun.

Today, we'll see kanji related to the most important part of a human: the heart.
Kanji that describe precious emotions always include the character for “heart.”

3. How to use na-adjectives + “deshita.”

Na-adjectives + “deshita” is used to express past feelings and thoughts. Let's learn more about how to use this form.

We have a scene where people talk about a trip.
Sydney visited Kyoto, and she is recalling about her trip while showing pictures to her friend Miki. Listen to the conversation that has plenty of na-adjective + “deshita.”

Miki uses “desu” because she is currently looking at pictures from the trip. Sydney uses “deshita” because she is speaking about her past trip.

4. Phrase-easy!

You will learn useful Japanese phrases and real-life experiences relating to those phrases.
On the menu today, we have the expression “okiniiri desu.”

Tea Break

Daifuku

Daifuku

Azuki bean paste is wrapped in mochi, or rice cake. The mochi for daifuku often times has a smooth, fine texture, and there is usually more bean paste than mochi. There are various kinds of daifuku, such as mame daifuku, which has azuki beans kneaded into the mochi, and daifuku with seasonal ingredients ranging from strawberries to chestnuts.

Exercises
on the Net #7

Question 1

Instruction:Choose one of the illustrations (A-D) to indicate the meaning of the Adjectives.

ex.

vigorous/energetic

げんきgenkiですdesu

(genki desu)

1

beautiful

Answer

きれいkireiですdesu

(kirei desu)

2

lively

Answer

にぎやかnigiyakaですdesu

(nigiyaka desu)

3

quiet (silent)

Answer

しずかshizukaですdesu

(shizuka desu)

4

happy

Answer

しあわせshiawaseですdesu

(shiawase desu)

Question 2

Instruction:Complete the cart by filling blanks.

ex.

Positive Negative
Present

げんきgenkiですdesu

(genki desu)

(vigorous/energetic)

げんきgenkiじゃjaありませんarimasen

(genki ja arimasen)

Past

げんきgenkiでしたdeshita

(genki deshita)

げんきgenkiじゃjaありませんarimasenでしたdeshita

(genki ja arimasen deshita)

1

Positive Negative
Present

きれいkireiですdesu

(kirei desu)

(beautiful)

Answer

きれいkireiじゃjaありませんarimasen

(genki ja arimasen)

Past

Answer

きれいkireiでしたdeshita

(kirei deshita)

Answer

きれいkireiじゃjaありませんarimasenでしたdeshita

(kirei ja arimasen deshita)

2

Positive Negative
Present

にぎやかnigiyakaですdesu

(nigiyaka desu)

(lively)

Answer

にぎやかnigiyakaじゃjaありませんarimasen

(nigiyaka ja arimasen)

Past

Answer

にぎやかnigiyakaでしたdeshita

(nigiyaka deshita)

Answer

にぎやかnigiyakaじゃjaありませんarimasenでしたdeshita

(nigiyaka ja arimasen deshita)

3

Positive Negative
Present

たいへんtaihenですdesu

(taihen desu)

(difficult)

Answer

たいへんtaihenじゃjaありませんarimasen

(taihen ja arimasen)

Past

Answer

たいへんtaihenでしたdeshita

(taihen deshita)

Answer

たいへんtaihenじゃjaありませんarimasenでしたdeshita

(taihen ja arimasen deshita)

Question 3

Instruction:You have just come back from your trip to Kyoto.
Please talk how the experiences were like in Japanese.

ex.

I was happy.

しあわせshiawaseでしたdeshita

(shiawase deshita)

1

The hotel was very beautiful.

Answer

ホテルhoteruwaとてもtotemoきれいkireiでしたdeshita

(hoteru wa totemo kirei deshita)

2

The dishes were very gorgeous.

Answer

りょうりryōriwaとてもtotemoごうかgōkaでしたdeshita

(ryōri wa totemo gōka deshita)

3

The zen exercise was very hard.

Answer

ぜんzenwaとてもtotemoたいへんtaihenでしたdeshita

(zen wa totemo taihen deshita)