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Japan-easy#6It was a six of hearts
a second ago.

Past sentences (Part1)

1. Deshita and Desu

Today, we'll focus on “deshita,” which refers to the past, as opposed to “desu,” which refers to the present.

Now, let's watch the special magic trick and hear the usage of “desu” and “deshita.”

2. 1 Itchy/2 Knee/3 Sun

Since we saw a magic trick using numbers, let’s learn how to count from one to ten using English words.

3. Kanji-easy!

There are about 2,000 “kanji” that are regularly used.

This section will use various methods that will allow you to visualize kanji.

We hope you will become acquainted with kanji while having fun.

Today, we'll learn kanji that are related to plants that grow throughout the beautiful seasons of Japan.

4. How to Use “Deshita”

The conversation in the video is about two people that look for a cat café where they can play with cats, but end up at the wrong place.

We’ve learned the negative form before. “Ja arimasen.”

By adding “deshita” to that, you can say the negative past tense form: “ja arimasen deshita.”

“Deshita” is used to describe something you saw before. Even if it happened just a moment ago, you still use the past tense form.

5. Phrase-easy!

You will learn useful Japanese phrases and real-life experiences relating to those phrases.

On the menu today, we have the expression “daijōbu.”

Tea Break

Nerikiri

Nerikiri

Nerikiri is a Japanese confection.

Ingredients such as sugar, yam, and rice flour are added as binders to a white bean paste and kneaded.

The kneaded paste is then colored and delicately crafted to represent seasonal items, making for a tasty piece of artwork.

Exercises
on the Net #6

Question 1

Instruction:Following an example, describe the following pictures.

ex.

ハートhātono5goですdesu

(hāto no go desu)

1

Answer

スペードsupedono9kyuですdesu

(supēdo no kyu desu)

2

Answer

クラブkurabuno1ichiですdesu

(kurabu no ichi desu)

or

クラブkurabunoエースēsuですdesu

(kurabu no ēsu desu)

3

Answer

3sanno2niですdesu

(san no ni desu)

Notes: the sign shows where the class #2, third grade is. In Japanese schools, "X no Y" means one certain grade (X) and the number of the class (Y). Names of teachers are not included in the names of the class.

Question 2

Instruction:Translate the following sentences into Japanese.

1

That was a cafe.

Answer

あれarewaカフェkafeでしたdeshita

(are wa kafe deshita)

2

That man was a designer.

Answer

あのanohitowaデザイナーdezaināでしたdeshita

(ano hito wa dezainā deshita)

3

Bob was a pilot.

Answer

ボブbobuwaパイロットpairottoでしたdeshita

(bobu wa pairotto deshita)

Question 3

Instruction:Reading the short conversation below, answer the following questions in Japanese.

Chloe: This restaurant looks classical, isn't it?
Ichiro: Yes, it is. Fifty years ago, it was a ryokan, a Japanese style inn. What are you going to order?

(After 30 minutes)

Chloe: The cheese burger was so yummy.
Ichiro: Really? The chef was once a famous announcer and he changed his job last year.

1

このkonoレストランresutoranwa旅館ryokanでしたかdeshitaka

(kono resutoran wa ryokan deshita ka)

Answer

はいhai、そうですdesu

(hai sō desu)

2

クロエさんkuroe-sannoオーダーōdāwananでしたかdeshitaka

(kuroe-san no ōdā wa nan deshita ka)

Notes: オーダー = order

Answer

チーズchīzuバーガーbāgāでしたdeshita

(chīzu bāgā deshita)

3

レストランresutorannoシェフshefuwaパイロットpairottoでしたかdeshitaka

(resutoran no shefu wa pairotto deshita ka)

Answer

いいえīe、パイロットpairottoじゃjaありませんarimasenでしたdeshita

(īe pairotto ja arimasen deshita)

アナウンサーanaunsāでしたdeshita

(anaunsā deshita)