Japan-easy#5This is a T-shirt.
That is a coat.

Words like
this, that, and it

1. Kore, Sore, Are.

Today’s topic is words that describe the position of an item someone is talking about.

The words are “kore,” “sore,” and “are.”

The item near the speaker is “kore.”
The item that is near the person one is talking to is “sore.”
The item that is far away from both people is “are.”
It’s similar to words like “this” and “that” in English.

The words change from “kore,” “sore,” to “are” depending on the distance between the speaker and the item in subject.
The words begin with the sounds “ko,” “so,” and “a.” These parts describe the distance.

2. Kono hito, Sono hito, Ano hito.

In the video, Alyona and Shari, who are traveling in Japan, found a crowd of people a bit away from them.
They pointed at him, and it seems like it’s the same person in the magazine that Alyona has.

“Kono,” “sono,” and “ano” are used with nouns, and in this case, the noun was “person.”

When “ko,” “so,” and “a” are used to describe the distance of a noun, “no” is added in the middle, making it “kono hito,” “sono hito,” and “ano hito.”

3. Kanji-easy!

There are about 2,000 “kanji” that are regularly used.
This section will use various methods that will allow you to visualize kanji.
We hope you will become acquainted with kanji while having fun.

Today, we’ll learn kanji that represent colors.
Japan is filled with vibrant colors.

We’ll introduce the kanji for red, blue, yellow, green, black, and white using images of Japan’s nature and traditional culture.

4. Dore.

Next up is “dore.”
When there is a selection of items, “dore” is used to ask which item is being referred to.
The video shows an example of how you can use “dore.”

On a shopping street, Shari came to a food shop selling dried fish and seaweed used to make broth.
Here is the conversation between Shari and the owner.

Shari said “Sore wa nan desuka?”

“Nan” is a variation of “nani,” which means “what.”
The owner did not know which item she was referring to, so he asked “Dore desuka?”
“Dore” is used to ask which item out of a selection is in question.

Shari used a word that describes the position, and was able to get the information she was wondering about.

5. Phrase-easy!

You will learn useful Japanese phrases and real-life experiences relating to those phrases.

On the menu today, we have the expression “Yoroshiku onegaishimasu.”

This is a useful phrase that can be used in various situations, so make sure you learn it!

Tea Break

Kashiwamochi

Kashiwamochi

Kashiwamochi is a kind of mochi, or rice cake. A flat, round-shaped mochi with a sweet filling is folded in half and wrapped in the leaf of a kashiwa plant.

It is mainly eaten around the Children’s Day holiday in May, to pray for the prosperity of descendants, as old Kashiwa leaves do not fall until new buds sprout.

Exercises
on the Net #5

Question 1

Instruction:Looking at the illustration, make a question in Japanese to respond to the answer.

ex.

You:これkorewaなんnanですかdesuka

(kore wa nan desuka)

Waiter:ラーメンrāmenですdesu

(rāmen desu)

1

You:         

Waiter:そばsobaですdesu

(Waiter: soba desu)

Answer

You:これkorewaなんnanですか。desuka

(You: kore wa nan desuka)

Waiter:そばsobaですdesu

(Waiter: soba desu)

2

You:         

Waiter:すしsushiですdesuサーモンsāmonnoすしsushiですdesu

(Waiter: sushi desu. sāmon no sushi desu)

Answer

You:それsorewaなんnanですかdesuka

(You: sore wa nan desuka)

Waiter:すしsushiですdesuサーモンsāmonnoすしsushiですdesu

(Waiter: sushi desu. sāmon no sushi desu)

3

You:         

Waiter:とうふtōfuですdesu

(Waiter: tōfu desu)

Answer

You:あれarewaなんnanですか。desuka

(You: are wa nan desuka)

Waiter:とうふtōfuですdesu

(Waiter: tōfu desu)

Question 2

Instruction:Translate the following sentence to Japanese by using “dore”.

ex.

You: Which one is the salmon sushi?

Waiter:こちらです。

(kochira desu)

サーモンsāmonnoすしsushiwaどれdoreですかdesuka

(sāmon no sushi wa dore desuka)

Note: Kochira is a polite form of kore.

1

You:Which one is the tuna sushi?

Waiter:こちらkochiraですdesu

(kochira desu)

Answer

ツナ/tsunaマグロmaguro(のnoすしsushi)はwaどれdoreですかdesuka

(tsuna/maguro no sushi wa dore desuka)

2

You:Which one is a camera made in Japan?

Clerk:そちらsochiraですdesu

(sochira desu)

Answer

にほんnihonnoカメラkamerawaどれdoreですかdesuka

(nihon no kamera wa dore desuka)

2

You:Which are cameras with cheaper prices?

Clerk:あちらachiraですdesu

(achira desu)

Answer

やすいyasuiカメラkamerawaどれdoreですかdesuka

(yasui kamera wa dore desuka)

Question 3

Instruction:Translate the English sentences into Japanese and complete the dialogue.

Timothy: ねえ、みて!mite あのこ!anoko

(Look at that girl! I mean, that girl!)

William: Ah? Which one?

Answer

え、eどのこdonoko

Timothy: ほらhora、このこ!konoko

(I mean this girl (in the magazine).)

William: Really? That girl (in your magazine)?

Answer

え、eそのこsonoko