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Japan-easy#1Next is Ueno (station).

Basic sentences: A is B (Part1)

1. Banana wa furūtsu desu.

Let's use "Banana wa furūtsu desu" as an example.
The particle “wa” joins two nouns. By adding “wa” between “banana” and “furūtsu,” it means “banana” is a kind of “furūtsu.”

To explain further, the structure of this sentence is: Talking about A, it's B.
The same thing applies to other sentences. “Wain wa arukōru desu.”
“Arukōru” means “alcoholic beverage.”

“Buri wa sakana desu.”
Buri is the name of a Japanese fish. “Sakana” means “fish.”

2. Tsugi wa Ueno desu ka?

Sean just got a good tip. “Sumimasen” in English means “Excuse me.”
Now pay attention to the next word.
“Tsugi wa Ueno desu ka?”
“Tsugi” means “next.” By connecting “tsugi” and the station name “Ueno” by using “wa” and “desu,” it becomes “A wa B desu.” This sentence says that the next station is Ueno.

If you add “ka” at the end of the sentence, it becomes a question. If the lady’s response was “yes,” one would answer in the following way.
“Hai, Ueno desu.”

Let's look at the case of “no.”

Sean: “Tsugi wa Ueno desu ka?”
Lady: “Ie, Ueno ja arimasen.”

“Ie” means “no.” It is also pronounced “iie.”
Next, let's focus on the expression “ja arimasen.” In this case, the negative form of “desu” is “ja arimasen.” What this expression means is, “The next station is not Ueno.”
If you add “ka” to “desu,” you can easily make a question. Don't be afraid to ask lots of questions.

When asked “A wa B desu ka?” you may omit A in your response.
An affirmative answer would be “Hai, B desu.” A negative answer would be “Ie, B ja arimasen.” These combinations are the basic ways to answer a question. Please remember it!

3. Rāmen desu ka? Retasu desu ka?

First, it’s a conversation between Sean, who would like some ramen noodles, and the shop staff.

And next, at a fruit and vegetable shop, the owner and the boy running an errand have a conversation. We will learn the question form of “A desu,” which is “A desu ka?” and the negative answer “A ja arimasen. B desu.”

4. Kanji-easy!

There are about 2,000 “kanji” that are regularly used. This section will use various methods that will allow you to visualize kanji. We hope you will become acquainted with kanji while having fun.

5. Phrase-easy!

You will learn useful Japanese phrases and real-life experiences relating to those phrases. The topic this time is “domo.”

Tea Break

Anmitsu

Anmitsu

You will learn useful Japanese phrases and real-life experiences relating to those phrases. The topic this time is “domo.”

Exercises
on the Net #1

Question 1

Instruction:Speak aloud what it is in Japanese with the basic sentence pattern “X desu”.

1

Answer

ワインwainですdesu

(wain desu)

2

Answer

ピラミッドpiramiddoですdesu

(piramiddo desu)

3

Answer

カメラkameraですdesu

(kamera desu)

Question 2

Instruction:Translate the following English sentences into Japanese.

1

Banana is a fruit.

Answer

バナナbananawaフルーツfrūtsuですdesu

(banana wa frūtsu desu)

2

Beer is an alcohol.

Answer

ビールbīruwaアルコールarukōruですdesu

(bīru wa arukōru desu)

3

Soccer is a sport.

Answer

サッカーsakkāwaスポーツsupōtsuですdesu

(sakkā wa supōtsu desu)

Question 3

Instruction:Looking at each picture, answer the question in Japanese.

1

Is he a goal keeper?

Answer

はいhai、そうですdesu

(hai sō desu)

2

Is this an omlette?

Answer

いいえīe、オムレツomuretsuじゃjaありませんarimasen
パンケーキpankēkiですdesu

(īe, omuretsu ja arimasen)
(pankēki desu)

3

(You are at Tokyo Station.)
Is the next station Kanda?

Answer

はいhai、そうですdesu

(hai sō desu)