Chronic kidney disease, or CKD, involves a gradual loss of kidney function. When it progresses, the patient must undergo dialysis or a kidney transplant in order to live. CKD is closely related to lifestyle diseases such as diabetes, high blood pressure, dyslipidemia and obesity. In the 27 years since 1990, the prevalence of CKD has increased by approximately 30%, affecting one out of every 11 people. Early detection of CKD is important, because there are no noticeable symptoms. In this episode, find out the mechanisms and the latest testing methods for CKD.