Four ideas based around Mottainai, the now widely embraced environmental concept. Kintsugi is an age-old technique to repair broken pottery. A service that allows people to live in multiple locations for about $400 a month addresses the problem of vacant houses in Japan. A night bakery that sells bread bound for the waste bin is simultaneously solving the problems of food loss and employment. We also introduce a town with an 80% recycling rate. "Garbage is not garbage, it is a resource."