An increase in heavy rainfall in recent years has made debris flows a frequent problem in Japan. We'll look at research underway to help with their early detection and explore ways to protect lives.In recent years, debris flows have become more frequent in Japan due to an increase in heavy rainfall. Given that about 70% of Japan's land area is covered by mountains and forests, they have become a significant issue. After large-scale debris flows struck parts of Hiroshima Prefecture in 2014 and 2018, scientists found that debris flows tend to start out small and then repeatedly recur, causing significant damage. Research is now underway to determine the locations where debris flows are likely to occur based on topographical and geological data, and install sensors that can detect the very first debris flow. Information from these sensors can then help residents evacuate as quickly as possible. In this program, we'll introduce the latest research to save lives from debris flows.