Welcome to "Learn Japanese from the News." In this program we learn Japanese and more about Japan from news stories presented in simple Japanese. Today's headline is "Japan Post to Start Delivering Letters and Packages by Drone as Early as Fiscal Year 2023" which was published on NEWS WEB EASY's website on January 1, 2023. Keywords include「ドローン（どろーん）doroon」"drone" and「日本郵便（にっぽんゆうびん）nippon-yuubin」"Japan Post."
Japan Post to Start Delivering Letters and Packages by Drone as Early as Fiscal Year 2023
Welcome to "Learn Japanese from the News."
Join us as we learn Japanese and about the country from Japanese-language news stories. Today's headline is…
"Japan Post to Start Delivering Letters and Packages by Drone as Early as Fiscal Year 2023"
This news story was published on NEWS WEB EASY's website on January 1st.
Now let's go over some vocab words that will help us understand what's going on.
drone, as in the unmanned aerial vehicle
to make something fly
Let's keep these words in mind as we listen.
Japan Post aims to start using drones to make deliveries in fiscal year 2023, which starts in April. They will introduce the new service in mountainous areas and remote islands that are facing a shortage of delivery drivers.
Now let's break down the following sentence from the story.
"Operators can now fly drones over residential areas even if they do not have a line of sight."
Japanese has transitive and intransitive verbs.
In the phrase ドローンを飛（と）ばす, the verb 飛（と）ばす is transitive. We use transitive verbs to describe a subject acting upon an object. So here it refers to a person "acting upon" a drone, that is, piloting it through the air.
In contrast, let's say there was a bird flying through the air. The bird is flying on its own, so we'd use the intransitive verb 飛（と）ぶ. So it's 鳥（とり）が飛（と）ぶ.
It's important to distinguish between the transitive use ドローンを飛（と）ばす and the intransitive use 鳥（とり）が飛（と）ぶ.
We also heard the phrase ドローンが見（み）えなくても, which means "even if you cannot see the drone." We attachても after a verb or adjective to describe a condition that is the opposite of what you might expect.
Up until now, drone pilots had to keep their aircraft within their line of sight when flying remotely over residential areas. The thinking was that you shouldn't be flying your drone where you can't see it. But now the law has been revised so you can fly it beyond your line of sight — a change that seems counterintuitive.
That's why theてもform is used in the sentence ドローンが見（み）えなくてもドローンを飛（と）ばすことができる.
Or let's say you're organizing an event. Oftentimes events are held "weather permitting." But if you plan on going ahead rain or shine, you might say 雨（あめ）が降（ふ）っても中止（ちゅうし）しません "We will not cancel even if it rains."
OK, that's all for today.
Drones are playing a growing role in industries across the board. I think we're only beginning to see what's possible with this technology.
I agree. And let's hope this new service shows how they can be a vital tool for helping people living in remote or hard-to-reach areas.
Tune in next time for more!