05m 00s

"Japan's Average Minimum Wage to Be Increased by 31 Yen, to 961 Yen an Hourl"

Learn Japanese from the News

Broadcast on September 12, 2022 Available until September 11, 2023

Welcome to "Learn Japanese from the News."
In this program we learn Japanese and more about Japan from news stories presented in simple Japanese.
Today's headline is "Japan's Average Minimum Wage to Be Increased by 31 Yen, to 961 Yen an Hour," which is put on NEWS WEB EASY's website on August 2, 2022. Keywords include such as 「最低賃金(さいていちんぎん) saitee chingin」"minimum wage" and 「平均(へいきん)heekin」"average."

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[Transcript]

"Japan's Average Minimum Wage to Be Increased by 31 Yen, to 961 Yen an Hour"


 
Welcome to "Learn Japanese from the News."
Today's headline is…
 

 
最低賃金(さいていちんぎん) 今(いま)より31円(えん)上(あ)げて平均(へいきん)で961円(えん)にする
 
"Japan's Average Minimum Wage to Be Increased by 31 Yen, to 961 Yen an Hour"
This news story was published on NEWS WEB EASY's website on August 2nd.
 
Now, let's go over some vocab words that'll help us understand what's going on.
 
最低賃金(さいていちんぎん)
minimum wage
 
平均(へいきん)
average
 
Let's keep these words in mind as we listen.
 
「最低賃金(さいていちんぎん)は、会社(かいしゃ)などが働(はたら)いた人(ひと)に払(はら)ういちばん低(ひく)い賃金(ちんぎん)です。最低賃金(さいていちんぎん)は都道府県(とどうふけん)で違(ちが)っていて、今(いま)は平均(へいきん)で1時間(じかん)930円(えん)です。
8月(がつ)1日(ついたち)に厚生労働省(こうせいろうどうしょう)の会議(かいぎ)で、最低賃金(さいていちんぎん)を今(いま)より平均(へいきん)で31円(えん)上(あ)げて、1時間(じかん)961円(えん)にすることが決(き)まりました。最低賃金(さいていちんぎん)を1時間(じかん)の賃金(ちんぎん)で決(き)めている2002年(ねん)から今(いま)までで、いちばん大(おお)きく上(あ)がります。生活(せいかつ)に必要(ひつよう)な物(もの)の値段(ねだん)が高(たか)くなっているため、賃金(ちんぎん)が低(ひく)い人(ひと)の生活(せいかつ)を守(まも)ることが大事(だいじ)だと考(かんが)えて、決(き)めました。
このあと、都道府県(とどうふけん)は会議(かいぎ)で決(き)まったことを参考(さんこう)にして、今年(ことし)の秋(あき)からの新(あたら)しい最低賃金(さいていちんぎん)を決(き)めます。」
 
A labor ministry panel has proposed to raise Japan's minimum wage by about 31 yen, which would be the largest increase on record. If each prefectural government follows their recommendation, the nationwide average minimum hourly wage will be 961 yen.
 

 
Now we'll break down a few sentences from the story that contain helpful expressions and keywords.
Let's start with the following sentence.
 
最低賃金(さいていちんぎん)は都道府県(とどうふけん)で違(ちが)っていて、今(いま)は平均(へいきん)で1時間(じかん)930円(えん)です。
 
"The minimum wage differs from prefecture to prefecture, and the current national average is 930 yen per hour."
 
最低賃金(さいていちんぎん)means "minimum wage," that is,  the lowest wage that an employer can pay a worker. That applies to all workers, whether they're full-time or part-time.
 
In Japan each prefecture sets their own minimum wage based on national guidelines. Employers are required to pay all of their workers that amount or higher.
 
最低(さいてい)means "minimum." It can refer to a number, degree, or amount of something.
We often use it to express that a certain numerical value is the lowest amount possible. Let's take 気温(きおん)or "temperature" as an example. 1日(いちにち)の最低気温(さいていきおん)refers to a day's lowest temperature. On the other hand, 最高気温(さいこうきおん)means "highest or maximum temperature." 最高(さいこう)is the opposite of 最低(さいてい).
 
OK, let's move on to the following sentence.
 
生活(せいかつ)に必要(ひつよう)な物(もの)の値段(ねだん)が高(たか)くなっているため、賃金(ちんぎん)が低(ひく)い人(ひと)の生活(せいかつ)を守(まも)ることが大事(だいじ)だと考(かんが)えて、決(き)めました。
 
"The decision was based on the view that it is important to protect the livelihood of low-wage workers amid the rising cost of basic necessities. "
 
大事(だいじ)means "important." The story explains that the industry panel decided it was a priority to 賃金(ちんぎん)が低(ひく)い人(ひと)の生活(せいかつ)を守(まも)ること, that is, "protect the livelihood of low-wage workers."
 
OK, that's all for today.
Tune in next time for more!
 

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