05m 00s

"'Don't Drink and Drive' Applies to Electric Scooters"

Learn Japanese from the News

Broadcast on August 8, 2022 Available until August 7, 2023

Welcome to "Learn Japanese from the News." In this program we learn Japanese and more about Japan from news stories presented in simple Japanese. Today's headline is "'Don't Drink and Drive' Applies to Electric Scooterse", which is put on NEWS WEB EASY's website on July 5, 2022. Keywords include such as 「運転免許(うんてんめんきょ)unten-menkyo」"driver's license" and 「法律に違反する(ほうりつにいはんする)hooritsu ni ihan-suru」"break the law".

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[Transcript]

"'Don't Drink and Drive' Applies to Electric Scooters"


 
Welcome to "Learn Japanese from the News."
 
Join us as we learn Japanese and about the country from Japanese-language news stories. Today's headline is…
 

 
電動(でんどう)キックボード お酒(さけ)を飲(の)んで運転(うんてん)してはいけない
 
"'Don't Drink and Drive' Applies to Electric Scooters" 
This news story was published on NEWS WEB EASY's website on July 5th.
 
Now let's go over some vocab words that will help us understand what's going on.
 
運転免許(うんてんめんきょ)
driver's license
 
法律(ほうりつ)に違反(いはん)する
break the law
 
Let's keep these words in mind as we listen to the news story in full.
 
「電気(でんき)で走(はし)る「電動(でんどう)キックボード」に乗(の)る人(ひと)が増(ふ)えています。
電動(でんどう)キックボードはバイクなどと同(おな)じように運転免許(うんてんめんきょ)が必要(ひつよう)です。
しかし、法律(ほうりつ)に違反(いはん)して、お酒(さけ)を飲(の)んで運転(うんてん)する人(ひと)が増(ふ)えています。
違反(いはん)をなくすため、東京(とうきょう)の渋谷(しぶや)では7月(がつ)4日(よっか)、まちで電動(でんどう)キックボードを貸(か)している会社(かいしゃ)や警察(けいさつ)がお酒(さけ)を出(だ)す店(みせ)に行(い)きました。そして、客(きゃく)が電動(でんどう)キックボードを利用(りよう)していないか確認(かくにん)することなど、店(みせ)に協力(きょうりょく)をお願(ねが)いしました。渋谷(しぶや)や六本木(ろっぽんぎ)などでは、週末(しゅうまつ)の夜(よる)から朝(あさ)まで電動(でんどう)キックボードを貸(か)すことをやめている会社(かいしゃ)もあります。」
 
Our story today is about electric scooters, or e-scooters, which are kick scooters that are powered by a small electric motor. The two-wheeled vehicles are on the rise here in Japan.
But as usage has gone up, so has the number of accidents caused by riders under the influence of alcohol.
The industry is currently working with authorities to spread awareness of e-scooter safety.
 

 
Now we'll break down a few sentences from the story that contain helpful expressions and keywords.
Let's start with the following sentences.
 
電動(でんどう)キックボードはバイクなどと同(おな)じように運転免許(うんてんめんきょ)が必要(ひつよう)です。しかし、法律(ほうりつ)に違反(いはん)して、お酒(さけ)を飲(の)んで運転(うんてん)する人(ひと)が増(ふ)えています。
 
"E-scooters, like motorcycles, require a driver's license.
But more and more people are breaking the law by operating them under the influence of alcohol."
 
免許(めんきょ)means "license," and it's usually preceded by a word that indicates the type of license. Our story today mentions 運転免許(うんてんめんきょ), which means "driver's license" (an official document that gives you permission to operate a motor vehicle).
 
Other examples  include national occupational licenses, like 医師免許(いしめんきょ), which means "medical license," and 調理師免許(ちょうりしめんきょ), which means "chef's license" or "cooking license."
 
In the phrase 法律(ほうりつ)に違反(いはん)する, 違反(いはん)する means "to violate or break."
As our story today mentions, drinking and driving is a punishable offense. 
 
In Japan, the laws are particularly strict, and penalties are severe.
 
OK, let's move on to the last sentence of the news story.
 
渋谷(しぶや)や六本木(ろっぽんぎ)などでは、週末(しゅうまつ)の夜(よる)から朝(あさ)まで電動(でんどう)キックボードを貸(か)すことをやめている会社(かいしゃ)もあります。
 
"In Shibuya and Roppongi, one company has stopped renting out e-scooters on weekends between night and morning."
 
So 週末(しゅうまつ)is "weekend," but what that means can differ from person to person. In a 2018 poll, NHK found that while many people defined the weekend as 土曜日(どようび)and 日曜日(にちようび), that is, Saturday and Sunday, a significant number of people included 金曜日(きんようび)—Friday. So if someone mentions 週末(しゅうまつ), ask for clarification.
 
夜(よる), which means "night," and 朝(あさ), which means "morning," are also general concepts that don't have an exact definition.
 
In terms of today's news story, this particular company has stopped renting out e-scooters on weekends between midnight and 5 a.m.
 
 
And that's all for today.
 
Tune in next time for more!
 

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