05m 00s

"How to Prevent Heatstroke and Save Electricity on Air Conditioning"

Learn Japanese from the News

Broadcast on July 25, 2022 Available until July 24, 2023

Welcome to "Learn Japanese from the News." In this program we learn Japanese and more about Japan from news stories presented in simple Japanese. Today's headline is "How to Prevent Heatstroke and Save Electricity on Air Conditioning," which is put on NEWS WEB EASY's website on June 29, 2022. Keywords include such as 「電気(でんき)denki」"electricity" and 「2週間に一度(にしゅうかんにいちど)nishuukan ni ichido」"once every two weekse."

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[Transcript]

"How to Prevent Heatstroke and Save Electricity on Air Conditioning"


 
Welcome to "Learn Japanese from the News."
 
Join us as we learn Japanese and about the country from Japanese-language news stories. Today's headline is…
 

 
熱中症(ねっちゅうしょう)に気(き)をつけて エアコンで使(つか)う電気(でんき)を少(すく)なくする方法(ほうほう)
 
"How to Prevent Heatstroke and Save Electricity on Air Conditioning"
This is a news story that was published on NEWS WEB EASY's website on June 29th.
 
Before we listen to the story in full, let's go over a few keywords that'll help us understand what's going on.
 
熱中症(ねっちゅうしょう)
"heatstroke"
 
電気(でんき)
"electricity"
 
Let's keep these words in mind as we listen.
 
「6月(がつ)26日(にち)までの1週間(しゅうかん)、日本(にっぽん)で4551人(にん)が熱中症(ねっちゅうしょう)で病院(びょういん)に運(はこ)ばれました。前(まえ)の1週間(しゅうかん)の3倍以上(ばいいじょう)です。
熱中症(ねっちゅうしょう)にならないように、エアコンを使(つか)うことが大切(たいせつ)です。
しかし、東京電力(とうきょうでんりょく)の地域(ちいき)では電気(でんき)が足(た)りなくなる心配(しんぱい)もあります。
エアコンをうまく使(つか)うために、できるだけ使(つか)う電気(でんき)を少(すく)なくする方法(ほうほう)を4つ紹介(しょうかい)します。
1つ目(め)は、エアコンと一緒(いっしょ)に扇風機(せんぷうき)を使(つか)うことです。
2つ目(め)は、カーテンを閉(し)めて、太陽(たいよう)の熱(ねつ)が部屋(へや)に入(はい)らないようにすることです。
3つ目(め)は、エアコンのフィルターを2週間(しゅうかん)に1度(ど)ぐらい掃除(そうじ)することです。
4つ目(め)は、家(いえ)の外(そと)にあるエアコンの室外機(しつがいき)の上(うえ)や周(まわ)りに物(もの)を置(お)かないことです。」
 
There’s been a sharp increase in cases of heatstroke here in Japan following a heat wave in June. One of the most effective ways to keep yourself from overheating is to use air conditioning.
But due to concerns over potential power shortages, people are being asked to use measures to reduce energy consumption.


 
Now we'll take a closer look at a few sentences from the news story that contain helpful expressions and keywords. Let's start with the following sentence.
 
エアコンをうまく使(つか)うために、できるだけ使(つか)う電気(でんき)を少(すく)なくする方法(ほうほう)を4つ紹介(しょうかい)します。
 
"Use your air conditioner more effectively with these four steps to minimize power usage. "
 
できるだけ means "as much as one can" or "as much as possible."
There's a similar phrase, できる限(かぎ)り, which literally means "to the limit one can." It's subtle, but できる限(かぎ)り is a stronger phrase that emphasizes giving maximum effort.
 
For example, if you were talking about saving electricity, できるだけ減(へ)らしてください means "reduce as much as you can," but できる限(かぎ)り減(へ)らしてください means "reduce as much as you possibly can."
 
There's another similar phrase, なるべく, which means "if possible." While できるだけ and できる限(かぎ)り place emphasis on putting in maximum effort, なるべく places emphasis on doing what you can, given your situation or ability. So when you make a request using なるべく, you’re trying to be a little vague about your expectations, and a little less insistent than できるだけ or できる限(かぎ)り.
 
Now, moving on, the news story lists four ways to save electricity while staying cool. Let’s review the third point.
 
3つ目(め)は、エアコンのフィルターを2週間(しゅうかん)に1度(ど)ぐらい掃除(そうじ)することです。
 
"Third, clean your air conditioner filters about once every two weeks."
 
Another way to say 2週間(しゅうかん)に1度(ど)ぐらい掃除(そうじ)する is 2週間(しゅうかん)に1回(かい)ぐらい掃除(そうじ)する. 度(ど)and 回(かい)are both counter words that indicate frequency.
 
度(ど) can also mean "degree," as in the unit of temperature. So you have to infer from context whether someone is talking about frequency or temperature.
 
And that's about it for today.
Tune in next time for more!
 

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