The latest UN report on climate change says global greenhouse gas emissions are expected to start falling in 2030, but governments' climate action plans are insufficient to avoid a catastrophic situation.
The secretariat of the UN Framework Convention on Climate Change on Tuesday released a report analyzing greenhouse gas reduction targets set by 195 countries and regions by late September.
The report estimates that the total global greenhouse gas emissions in 2030 will be 2 percent lower than in 2019.
But the report notes that the emissions need to be cut 43 percent by 2030, compared to 2019 levels, to limit the rise in global temperatures to 1.5 degrees Celsius. Governments across the world had agreed to work toward the goal.
UN Secretary-General Antonio Guterres said the report shows that "the world remains massively off track" to avoid a catastrophic climate situation.
He called for further strengthening measures, saying, "Inch by inch progress will not do."
The UN climate conference, or COP28, will take place from November 30 in Dubai, the United Arab Emirates. Attention is focused on whether countries will raise their goals to cut emissions.