Military analysts expected Russian troops crossing over into Ukraine would overwhelm any defenses. By Friday, Ukrainians forces had held on for 100 days.
Russian commanders saw their offensive around the capital, Kyiv, sputter. So, they refocused on the regions of Donetsk and Luhansk. They now control much of eastern Ukraine.
Ukrainian President Volodymyr Zelenskyy said the Russians control almost 20 percent of the territory, almost 125,000 square kilometers.
Zelenskyy said Ukrainians are fighting a "war of courage." He said the Russians have lost more than 30,000 soldiers. And he said tens of thousands of Ukrainians have been killed.
The Russians have tried to weaken defenses, targeting planes, tanks, and ammunition depots.
Russian government spokesperson Dmitry Peskov said US leaders and their allies are pumping the Ukrainians with modern weapons. He said that does not change the parameters of what Russian leaders call their "special military operation."
Peskov said the infusion of Western weapons will only bring more suffering to Ukrainians.