Novelist Abdulrazak Gurnah, who won this year's Nobel Prize in Literature, has urged European countries to approach migration "with greater compassion rather than barbed wire."
Gurnah was born and grew up on the island of Zanzibar, which is now part of the African nation of Tanzania. He moved to Britain as a refugee, and has written many stories about the refugees living there under harsh conditions.
During an interview with Reuters news agency on Thursday, he described winning the prize as "just brilliant and wonderful."
He added, "I dedicate this Nobel Prize to Africa, Africans and to all my readers."
Referring to people who try to reach Europe from the Middle East and Africa, Gurnah said, "You have to ask the question: what is so horrible about where they are that they will do such things, that they will take such risks?"
Gurnah also criticized the British government, saying that it seems the government is rather nasty about people seeking asylum or people seeking admittance into the country.