Japan, the United States, Australia and India are expected to work to promote cooperation in key areas, including ultra-high speed 5G communications, amid China's growing influence in these fields.
The call for cooperation is included in a joint communique being compiled for a summit of the so-called Quad alliance set to take place in Washington on Friday.
It will be the first face-to-face meeting of the Quad leaders, including Japan's Prime Minister Suga Yoshihide.
In a draft document, the four countries say they will work together on 5G and future communications standards.
They call for cooperation in fostering innovation and promoting an open network with trustworthy vendors.
On crucial technologies such as semiconductors, which continue to be in short supply globally, the draft states the countries will build a resilient, diverse and secure supply chain.
The draft document also suggests that the countries reaffirm their cooperation in the fields of state-of-the-art biotechnologies, including research and development on drugs and genome analysis.
The Quad leaders are also expected to discuss measures against the coronavirus and climate change.