G20 vows to ensure fair distribution of vaccines

World leaders have agreed at the Global Health Summit to cooperate to ensure the fair distribution of coronavirus vaccines.

The online summit on Friday was jointly hosted by Italy, the current chair of Group of 20 countries, and the European Union. Japan's Prime Minister Suga Yoshihide and leaders of more than 20 countries and regions as well as heads of international organizations took part.

European Commission President Ursula von der Leyen said, "We must act now to bring the pandemic under control all over the world." She pledged that the EU will donate 100 million doses of vaccine to developing countries. She also vowed to help Africa manufacture jabs.

Pfizer and some other pharmaceutical companies promised to provide a total of 1.3 billion shots for developing countries within this year.

Chinese President Xi Jinping pledged three billion dollars in aid to developing nations over the next three years.

Other governments also made pledges to help the developing world.

To date, around 1.5 billion doses of COVID-19 vaccines have been administered around the world. However, 85 percent of them have been concentrated in developed nations. How to close the gap poses a major challenge to global efforts against the pandemic.