China has announced sanctions on individuals in the United States and Canada and a Canadian parliamentary group.
This came after the two countries joined others imposing sanctions over human rights abuses of Uighurs and other minorities in China's Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region.
In step with the European Union and Britain, US and Canada announced sanctions on March 22 on four Chinese officials and the region's public security bureau accused of being involved in such abuses.
The sanctions include travel bans and asset freezes.
The Chinese Foreign Ministry retaliated with its own sanctions on Saturday.
They targeted two members of the US Commission on International Religious Freedom, a member of the Canadian parliament, and the subcommittee on international human rights of the Canadian House of Commons.
They are barred from travelling to China, Hong Kong and Macao and having commercial transactions and exchanges.
China already placed sanctions on British and EU parliament members and organizations over the issue.