Japan's household spending climbed for the second straight month in November as people increased outlays for groceries and utilities.
A survey by the internal affairs ministry shows that households with two or more people spent an average of 278,718 yen, or about 2,700 dollars. That's up 1.1 percent from a year earlier.
Spending on rail travel and eating out saw a sharp decrease due to the coronavirus pandemic.
But people increased spending on food items such as meat and vegetables, and paid more for power and water supply.
Officials at the ministry say the restaurant industry in particular will feel the impact from the state of emergency declaration.
They say they will carefully monitor how online shopping and spending in other sectors could offset such decreases.