People observed a restrained countdown to the New Year in the main shopping and entertainment district in Tokyo's Shibuya Ward as major public events were canceled due to the coronavirus.
More than 100,000 people usually turn up to celebrate the New Year around Shibuya Station.
But those festivities were scrubbed this time, with large advertisement screens switched off at 11 p.m.
Train operators have also dropped all-night services.
Police officers directed traffic at the scramble crossing, which is normally jam-packed with revelers on New Year's Eve.
The intersection was temporarily crowded around the turn of the year. But few shouted a countdown to the arrival of 2021.
Many temples and shrines in Tokyo are closed during the night to avoid large crowds.