The UN disarmament committee on Friday adopted a Japan-submitted draft resolution on nuclear disarmament. The draft calls for an action plan to help rid the world of nuclear weapons.
The resolution lists six measures Japan says the international community must take immediately.
They call for increased transparency of policies of nuclear-armed powers to build mutual trust between countries. The resolution urges the promotion of educational programs such as interaction with atomic bomb survivors. It also proposes a framework to facilitate dialogue between nuclear-armed nations and others.
Members of the committee approved the resolution by a majority, with 148 of 178 countries voting in favor. Four countries objected and 26 abstained.
The United States abstained, saying the plan does not reflect the world's changing security environment.
Brazil also abstained on the grounds that the resolution should call for stronger commitments from nuclear-armed nations to disarm. Brazil supports the UN Treaty on the Prohibition of Nuclear Weapons, which Japan has not joined.
The reactions reflect the difficulties Japan faces in serving as a bridge between different sides.
Japan's disarmament ambassador Nobushige Takamizawa said the other nations understood Japan's stance of pursuing common ground between nuclear and non-nuclear armed nations, but that even more effort is needed.