Consumer confidence in Japan has worsened for the 12th straight month. A government survey for September suggests the recent consumption tax hike has discouraged people from spending.
The survey predicts consumer spending over the next 6 months. The September index was 35.6, down 1.5 points from the previous month. That's the lowest since comparable surveys began in 2013.
Cabinet officials say there was a sharp fall in predictions of people's readiness to buy durable goods, such as cars and home appliances.
The officials are maintaining their assessment that consumer confidence is weakening. Japan's consumption tax went up on Tuesday from 8 percent to 10 percent.