Senior diplomats and defense officials from Japan and China have held their first security dialogue in 15 months.
The Japan-China Security Dialogue took place at the state guest house in Beijing on Friday.
At the outset of the meeting, China's Vice Foreign Minister Kong Xuanyou said that Beijing hopes to use the talks to promote trust between the two countries.
Japan's Senior Deputy Foreign Minister, Takeo Mori, responded by acknowledging that both sides have concerns over the other's security policies, and that direct talks are essential to building confidence.
The talks are also expected to have covered defense exchanges, as well as the situation on the Korean Peninsula.
Observers believe the dialogue could be used to pave the way for a visit by Chinese President Xi Jinping to Japan.