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History of NHK International Broadcasting
Overseas Broadcasts in the Prewar and Wartime Period
- Jun. 1
- Nippon Hoso Kyokai (forerunner of the present NHK) commences a one hour daily shortwave broadcast service for the west coast of North America and Hawaii under the name of Kaigai Hoso (Overseas Broadcasting) with programs in Japanese and English.
- Jan. 1
- NHK begins one hour daily services for Europe, the east coast of North America and South America, and Malaya/Singapore/Java.
- French and German languages added.
Overseas service expands steadily for more regions and languages.
- The public relations magazine, "Kaigai Hoso Bangumi"(Overseas Broadcasts), is given the new name of "Radio Tokyo".
Overseas service becomes better known as "Radio Tokyo."
- Nov. 5
- Service reaches its largest scale in the pre-war and wartime period with a total of 33 hours 5 minutes per day in 24 languages.
languages: Japanese, English, Arabic, Bengali, Burmese, Cantonese, Chinese (mandarin), Dutch, French, Fujian, German, Gujarati, Hindi, Italian, Malay, Persian, Portuguese, Russian, Spanish, Tagalog, Tamil, Thai, Turkish, Urdu
- Aug. 15
- As the war draws to an end, NHK gradually reduces overseas service.
- Sep. 10
- Radio Tokyo announces the end of the war to Japanese people abroad.
At the order of the Allied Powers, NHK discontinues its "Radio Tokyo" services.
International Broadcasts in the Postwar Period
- The Growth of NHK WORLD - Radio, TV and the Internet.
- Feb. 1
- NHK resumes its international shortwave broadcast services under the name of Radio Japan in five regions, North America, North China, Central China, Philippines, Indonesia, and India, with programs in Japanese and English for five hours daily.
- Jun. 1
- Service expands to 15 regions, 15 hours daily and 16 languages.
- Sep. 4
- Service area expands worldwide.
(General Service in Japanese and English becomes available all over the world.)
- 1980s -1990s
- Relay broadcasts through transmitting stations in Gabon, Canada, Guiana, Sri Lanka, UK and Singapore begin for better reception.
- Apr. 1
- The start of the Persian service brings the number of languages to 22.
languages: Japanese, English, Arabic, Bengali, Burmese, Chinese, French, German, Hindi, Indonesian, Italian, Korean, Malay, Persian, Portuguese, Russian, Spanish, Swahili, Swedish, Thai, Urdu,Vietnamese
- Apr. 1
- Daily broadcasting hours reach 65.
- Apr. 3
- NHK commences international TV broadcasting services for North America and Europe.
- NHK renames its overseas radio and TV services NHK WORLD.
- Oct. 1
- NHK World TV and NHK World Premium become available in almost every part of the world.
- Oct. 1
- NHK World TV and NHK World Premium commence 24-hour broadcasting.
- Feb. 4
- NHK begins to stream NHK World Radio Japan news on the Internet.
- Radio Japan on-demand News service becomes available in 22 languages on the Internet.
- Oct. 1
- Radio Japan in Japanese to North America, Hawaii and Europe are discontinued.
All broadcasts in Malay, Italian, German and Swedish are terminated at that time.
languages: Japanese, English, Arabic, Bengali, Burmese, Chinese, French, Hindi, Indonesian, Korean, Persian, Portuguese, Russian, Spanish, Swahili, Thai, Urdu,Vietnamese